Publication ethics statement  

Publication ethics statement  出版倫理規定

Reporting standards
JASAL Journal expects authors of reports of original research to present an accurate account of the work performed and objectively discuss the significance with underlying data represented accurately. Manuscripts for submission should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate their work. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements are unacceptable.

Data access and retention
Authors may be asked to provide the raw data in connection with a manuscript for editorial review, and should be prepared to provide public access to such data, if practicable, and should in any event be prepared to retain such data for a reasonable time after publication.

Originality and plagiarism
Authors should ensure that they have written entirely original works, and if the authors have used the work and/or words of others or from their own previously published and unpublished work, that this has been appropriately cited or quoted. Plagiarism takes many forms, from passing off another’s paper as the author’s own paper, to copying or paraphrasing substantial parts of another’s paper (without attribution), to claiming results from research conducted by others. Plagiarism in all its forms constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable.

Multiple, redundant or concurrent publication
Submitted manuscripts should not have been previously published and concurrent submission to multiple publications is unacceptable. In cases where there may be some reason for submitting previously published manuscripts, the authors and editors of all of the journals concerned must agree to the secondary publication, and it must reflect the same data and interpretation of the primary document, with the primary reference cited in the secondary publication.

Acknowledgement of sources
JASAL Journal expects the work of others to be appropriately cited and authors are expected to cite not only publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work but also information obtained privately, as in conversation, correspondence, or discussion with third parties, acknowledged with explicit, written permission from the source. Information obtained in the course of confidential services, such as refereeing manuscripts or grant applications, must not be used without the explicit written permission of the author of the work involved.

Authorship of the manuscript
Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the submitted article. All those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. Where there are others who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project, they should be acknowledged or listed as contributors. It is the responsibility of the corresponding author to ensure that all and only appropriate co-authors are included on the paper, and that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication.

Disclosure and conflicts of interest
All authors should disclose in their manuscript any financial or other conflicts of interest related to their manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed.

Fundamental errors in published works
When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in their own published work, the author is obligated to promptly notify the editorial board and cooperate in the retraction or correction of the work. If the editorial board learns from a third party that a published work contains a significant error, it is the obligation of the author to promptly retract or correct the paper or provide evidence to the editorial board of the correctness of the original paper.